1. When the sunlight hits a solar PV module, it creates an electrical field across the layers, which then generates direct current (DC) electricity.
  2. This Direct current DC is routed into an inverter that converts it into 240V alternating current (AC) electricity.
  3. A) Then the alternating current can then be used safely in appliances throughout your home. B) If batteries are connected to your solar system, any excess power that is produced will be routed to the solar charge controller, this regulates the electricity current to avoid battery damage. The batteries then store the electricity which can be used thought out your home and can also provide back-up power in the event of a black out.
  4. The import/Export meter measures the amount of electricity that is imported and exported into the grid. The digital display screen on the inverter will record the electricity produced by the sun.
  5. Any extra surplus energy that is generated by the solar system and not used by your appliance is then exported back into the grid. This will depend on your States Feed-in.